Luit buffalo   Luit buffalo bull
Luit buffalo   Luit buffalo bull

 Also known as “Assamese Swamp”. Breeding tract includes Jorhat, Sibsagar, Lakimpur, Dibrugarh, Tinsukia, Dhemaji, Golaghat, Majuli and Biswanath districts of Assam. The Luit (Swamp) buffaloes are mostly distributed in the upper Brahmaputra valley of Assam covering nine districts of upper Assam. These buffaloes are also found in some areas of Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland bordering Assam. People of Assam have been traditionally rearing swamp buffaloes in the embankment and small islands of the mighty river Brahmaputra (luit), hence these buffaloes are named Luit. Mainly used for milk and draught. Colour of buffalo is mainly black. These swamp buffaloes are medium sized strongly built animals with prominent wither and short tail. The animals are characterized by broad and concave fore head with prominent eyes and wide muzzle and distinct semi-circular horns in both sexes. They possess light white stocking up to the knee in both fore and hind legs. Horns are curved laterally backward & then upward forming a semi-circle. The average lactation yield of Luit buffalo is 449 kg with an average milk fat of 8.68 %. Large proportion of these buffaloes are reared on river islands, river banks and forest land in large groups, locally called Khuti which means nomadic.   

For further details please visit the following 
Information System on Animal Genetic Resources of India (AGRI-IS) - developed at National Bureau of Animal genetic Resources, Karnal, Hariana,  India. LINK 

Compiled by Atul Mahajan, A Sudhakar and Jitendra Rajawat, Animal Breeding Group, NDDB, Anand